Foot diseases are among the most common health problems. Although some are hereditary, most of them are caused by other factors, such as tight shoes. Research shows that many Americans experience foot problems of a lesser or greater degree of severity at some time in their lives. As a result, several systemic diseases can be detected from the feet including anemia, circulatory disorder, arthritis, diabetes, and kidney problems. Like other sensitive structures, the feet need specialized care. To maintain your foot health, therefore, ensure that you are familiar with the common problems facing them. See a podiatrist when any of the following foot problems show up or persist.
Athlete’s foot affects the skin and usually starts on the bottom of the feet or between the toes, though it can eventually spread to other body parts. It is caused by a fungus that attacks the feet due to the wearing of hosiery and shoes. The signs of this problem are itching, blisters, dry scaly skin, and inflammation. You can prevent this by washing your feet frequently with soap and warm water, carefully drying in particular between the toes, and regularly changing shoes to reduce moisture.
Blisters and Bunions
Blisters result from skin friction, and you are not supposed to pop them. Instead, apply an adhesive bandage over the affected area and leave it on until it falls off in a shower or bath. Keep your feet dry and always put on socks to serve as a cushion between the shoes and your feet. Bunions, on the other hand, are misaligned big toe joints that can become tender and swollen. This causes the first big toe’s joint to slant outward, and the big toe turns toward other toes. This problem tends to be hereditary, but it can also be worsened by tight shoes. Although there are preventive and conservative measures that can minimize the bunion discomfort, it is advisable to go for corrective surgery.
Foot Odor and Warts
Foot odor is caused by excessive perspiration of the foot sweat glands. For this reason, daily cleanliness is necessary. Change your shoes always to allow each pair air out, and replace your socks a few times per day. Antiperspirants and foot powders as well as soaking the feet in water and vinegar can help mitigate the odor. Contrarily, warts are caused by a virus that infects the skin by entering through small cuts. They usually occur when one walks barefooted on a littered ground or dirty surfaces. Using the right procedure, a podiatry physician can help remove warts.
Your foot is a complex, strong, and flexible biological masterpiece that requires proper care. Due to its crucial function, the foot is more susceptible to injury compared to other parts of the body. While self-treatment can be effective for minor problems, care should be taken not to turn the problem into a major one.